2017년 시행 지방직 9급 공무원 임용 필기시험 [B책형]


※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 1~문 2] 

문 1. A : I just received a letter from one of my old high school buddies.
B : That's nice!
A : Well, actually it's been a long time since I heard from him.
B : To be honest, I've been out of touch with most of my old friends.
A : I know. It's really hard to maintain contact when people move around so much.
B : You're right. _______________________________________. But you're lucky to be back in touch with your buddy again. 

문 2. A : What are you getting Ted for his birthday? I'm getting him a couple of baseball caps.
B : I've been _____________________ trying to think of just the right gift. I don't have an inkling of what he needs.
A : Why don't you get him an album? He has a lot of photos.
B : That sounds perfect! Why didn't I think of that? Thanks for the suggestion! 

※ 밑줄 친 부분의 의미와 가장 가까운 것을 고르시오. [문 3 ~ 문 5] 

문 3. Some of the newest laws authorize people to appoint a surrogate who can make medical decisions for them when necessary. 

문 4. A : He thinks he can achieve anything.
B : Yes, he needs to keep his feet on the ground

문 5. She is on the fence about going to see the Mona Lisa at the Louvre Museum. 

문 6. 어법상 옳지 않은 것은? 

문 7. 어법상 옳은 것은? 

문 8. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하는 것은? 

Soils of farmlands used for growing crops are being carried away by water and wind erosion at rates between 10 and 40 times the rates of soil formation, and between 500 and 10,000 times soil erosion rates on forested land. Because those soil erosion rates are so much higher than soil formation rates, that means a net loss of soil. For instance, about half of the top soil of Iowa, the state whose agriculture productivity is among the highest in the U.S., has been eroded in the last 150 years. On my most recent visit to Iowa, my hosts showed me a churchyard offering a dramatically visible example of those soil losses. A church was built there in the middle of farmland during the 19th century and has been maintained continuously as a church ever since, while the land around it was being farmed. As a result of soil being eroded much more rapidly from fields than from the churchyard, the yard now stands like a little island raised 10 feet above the surrounding sea of farmland. 

문 9. 다음 글의 흐름상 가장 어색한 문장은? 

Whether you've been traveling, focusing on your family, or going through a busy season at work, 14 days out of the gym takes its toll―not just on your muscles, but your performance, brain, and sleep, too. ① Most experts agree that after two weeks, you're in trouble if you don't get back in the gym. “At the two week point without exercising, there are a multitude of physiological markers that naturally reveal a reduction of fitness level,” says Scott Weiss, a New York-based exercise physiologist and trainer who works with elite athletes. ② After all, despite all of its abilities, the human body (even the fit human body) is a very sensitive system and physiological changes (muscle strength or a greater aerobic base) that come about through training will simply disappear if your training load dwindles, he notes. Since the demand of training isn't present, your body simply slinks back toward baseline. ③More protein is required to build more muscles at a rapid pace in your body. ④ Of course, how much and how quickly you'll decondition depends on a slew of factors like how fit you are, your age, and how long sweating has been a habit. “Two to eight months of not exercising at all will reduce your fitness level to as if you never exercised before,” Weiss notes.

문 10. 다음 글의 내용과 일치하지 않는 것은? 

Before the fifteenth century, all four characteristics of the witch (night flying, secret meetings, harmful magic, and the devil's pact) were ascribed individually or in limited combination by the church to its adversaries, including Templars, heretics, learned magicians, and other dissident groups. Folk beliefs about the supernatural emerged in peasant confessions during witch trials. The most striking difference between popular and learned notions of witchcraft lay in the folk belief that the witch had innate supernatural powers not derived from the devil. For learned men, this bordered on heresy. Supernatural powers were never human in origin, nor could witches derive their craft from the tradition of learned magic, which required a scholarly training at the university, a masculine preserve at the time. A witch's power necessarily came from the pact she made with the devil.

문 11. 주어진 문장이 들어갈 위치로 가장 적절한 것은? 

Fortunately, however, the heavy supper she had eaten caused her to become tired and ready to fall asleep.

Various duties awaited me on my arrival. I had to sit with the girls during their hour of study. ( ① ) Then it was my turn to read prayers; to see them to bed. Afterwards I ate with the other teachers. ( ② ) Even when we finally retired for the night, the inevitable Miss Gryce was still my companion. We had only a short end of candle in our candlestick, and I dreaded lest she should talk till it was all burnt out. ( ③ ) She was already snoring before I had finished undressing. There still remained an inch of candle. ( ④ ) I now took out my letter; the seal was an initial F. I broke it; the contents were brief.

문 12. 다음 글의 제목으로 가장 적절한 것은? 

Fear and its companion pain are two of the most useful things that men and animals possess, if they are properly used. If fire did not hurt when it burnt, children would play with it until their hands were burnt away. Similarly, if pain existed but fear did not, a child would burn himself again and again, because fear would not warn him to keep away from the fire that had burnt him before. A really fearless soldier―and some do exist―is not a good soldier, because he is soon killed; and a dead soldier is of no use to his army. Fear and pain are therefore two guards without which human beings and animals might soon die out. 
※ 우리말을 영어로 잘못 옮긴 것을 고르시오. [문 13~문 14]

문 13.

문 14.

※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 15~문 16]

문 15. Our main dish did not have much flavor, but I made it more ______________ by adding condiments.

문 16. London taxi drivers have to undertake years of intense training known as “the knowledge” to gain their operating license, including learning the layout of over twenty-five thousand of the city's streets. A researcher and her team investigated the taxi drivers and the ordinary people. The two groups were asked to watch videos of routes unfamiliar to them through a town in Ireland. They were then asked to take a test about the video that included sketching out routes, identifying landmarks, and estimating distances between places. Both groups did well on much of the test, but the taxi drivers did significantly better on identifying new routes. This result suggests that the taxi drivers' mastery can be _____________ to new and unknown areas. Their years of training and learning through deliberate practice prepare them to take on similar challenges even in places they do not know well or at all.

문 17. 주어진 글 다음에 이어질 글의 순서로 가장 적절한 것은?

I remember the day Lewis discovered the falls. They left their camp at sunrise and a few hours later they came upon a beautiful plain and on the plain were more buffalo than they had ever seen before in one place.

(A) A nice thing happened that afternoon, they went fishing below the falls and caught half a dozen trout, good ones, too, from sixteen to twenty-three inches long.
(B) After a while the sound was tremendous and they were at the great falls of the Missouri River. It was about noon when they got there.
(C) They kept on going until they heard the faraway sound of a waterfall and saw a distant column of spray rising and disappearing. They followed the sound as it got louder and louder. 

문 18. 다음 글의 요지로 가장 적절한 것은? 

Novelty-induced time expansion is a well-characterized phenomenon which can be investigated under laboratory conditions. Simply asking people to estimate the length of time they are exposed to a train of stimuli shows that novel stimuli simply seem to last longer than repetitive or unremarkable ones. In fact, just being the first stimulus in a moderately repetitive series appears to be sufficient to induce subjective time expansion. Of course, it is easy to think of reasons why our brain has evolved to work like this—presumably novel and exotic stimuli require more thought and consideration than familiar ones, so it makes sense for the brain to allocate them more subjective time. 
※ 밑줄 친 부분에 들어갈 말로 가장 적절한 것을 고르시오. [문 19~문 20] 

문 19. One of the tricks our mind plays is to highlight evidence which confirms what we already believe. If we hear gossip about a rival, we tend to think “I knew he was a nasty piece of work”; if we hear the same about our best friend, we're more likely to say “that's just a rumour.” Once you learn about this mental habit―called confirmation bias―you start seeing it everywhere. This matters when we want to make better decisions. Confirmation bias is OK as long as we're right, but all too often we're wrong, and we only pay attention to the deciding evidence when it's too late. How ________________________________________________ depends on our awareness of why, psychologically, confirmation bias happens. There are two possible reasons. One is that we have a blind spot in our imagination and the other is we fail to ask questions about new information. 

문 20. For many big names in consumer product brands, exporting and producing overseas with local labor and for local tastes have been the right thing to do. In doing so, the companies found a way to improve their cost structure, to grow in the rapidly expanding consumer markets in emerging countries. But, Sweets Co. remains stuck in the domestic market. Even though its products are loaded with preservatives, which means they can endure long travel to distant markets, Sweets Co. ___________________________________, let alone produce overseas. The unwillingness or inability to update its business strategy and products for a changing world is clearly damaging to the company.